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Timor-Leste

  • Population: 1,172,390
  • Primary Language: Tetum
  • Currency: US Dollar
  • Capital City: Dili
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Overview

Full Name Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Motto
Unity, Action, Progress
National Anthem Fatherland
Primary Language
Tetum
Demonym
East Timorese
Drives On
the left side of the road
Dili
Capital City Dili
Largest City Dili
Continent
Asia
Compare Asia Country Facts
Time Zone(s)
UTC+09
Calling Code
+670
ISO 2 Code TL
ISO 3 Code TLS
FIPS code TT
IOC code TLS
FIFA Code TLS
Drinking Age
18
Voting Age
17
Age of Consent
16
Travel Requirements

Timor-Leste Government

Government Type
Republic
José Ramos-Horta
Chief Executive Taur Matan Ruak
Type President
Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao
Second Chief Executive Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao
Type Prime Minister
BranchLast ElectionTerm Length
Executive20075 years
Legislative20075 years
Legislature Size 65 members

Political Facts

OECD Member
No
Member of the United Nations Yes
Security Council Member
No
Percent of National Parliament Seats Held by Women 15%

This is approximately the global average, 17%.

Cabinet Members

Foreign Minister
Jose Luis Guterres
Defense Minister
& Security Cirilo Jose Cristovao
Justice Minister
Dionisio Babo Soares
Finance Minister
Emilia Maria Valeria Pires

US Embassies

Timor-Leste Economy

GDP
GDP Growth Rate
GDP Per Capita
GDP Per Capita Growth

Timor-Leste's gross domestic product (GDP) is $11,230,000,000. Timor-Leste's GDP per capita is $8,700, which is 15% lower than the world average of $10,200.

GINI Coefficient
Unemployment Rate
Current Account Balance
Gross Domestic Product, Nominal and Real

The graphs related to Timor-Leste's economic history plot data reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). See the economic outlook for all countries in 2018 here.

Currency Code USD

As of March 04, 2015, 1 US dollar buys 1.00 United States Dollar.

CurrencyUnited States Dollar
US Dollar
Monthly
Yearly
Monthly
Exchange Rate Over Time
Yearly
Exchange Rate Over Time
Foreign Aid
Trade
Business
Industry
Debt & Credit
Foreign Aid
US Foreign Aid
Trade
Trade (% of GDP)
153.33%
Merchandise Imports
$689,000,000
Merchandise Exports
$34,100,000
Business
Startup procedures to Register a Business
4 procedures
Cost of Business Startup Procedures (% GNI)
3%
Industry
Industrial Production Growth
8.5%
Debt & Credit
Domestic Credit to Private Sector (% of GDP)
12.38%
Domestic Credit Provided by Banking Sector (% of GDP)
-52.69%

Demographics

Population
Population Density
Median Age
Population
Population Growth
Population
Population Over Time
Population Growth
Labor Force
418,200
Net Migration Rate
0 per 1000 people
Birth Rate
35.2 per 1000 people
Death Rate
6.4 per 1000 people
Fertility Rate
5.22 child(ren) per woman

Fertility rate can be used to measure the potential for population change in a country. Timor-Leste's fertility rate is 5.22 child(ren) per woman. Such a high fertility rate means Timor-Leste's population is both growing rapidly in size and declining in median age, which is currently 22.8 years old. This could potentially spell out hard times for families struggling to feed and educate their children and for women trying to enter the labor force.

Average Sex Ratio
1.01 male(s) per female

Population by Age

Population by Gender

Total Females
583,252
Total Males
589,138

Population by Region

Rural Population
43,750,320
Rural Population Growth (annual %)
-0.27%
Urban Population
23,034,681
Urban Population Growth (annual %)
1.42%

Crime and Poverty

Population Below Poverty Line
Homicide Rate
Homicide Rate Source
Public Health, WHO, 2008
2013 Homicide Count
75 homicides
Homicide Count Source
Public Health, WHO, 2008

Timor-Leste Education

Key Education Facts

Literacy Rate
Literacy Rate Rank (out of 215 countries)
Education Index

Primary School Facts

Primary Education Duration
6 years
Primary School Starting Age
6 years old

Secondary School Facts

Secondary School Duration
6 years
Secondary School Starting Age
12 years old

Timor-Leste Health

Key Health Facts

Life Expectancy Rank (out of 194 countries)
Infant Mortality Rate
Infant Mortality Rank (out of 194 countries)
Health Index 2012

According to the International Human Development Index, Timor-Leste's health index value of 0.677 indicates low human development.

Depth of the Food Deficit
250 kilocalories per person per day
Obesity Adult Prevalency
2.70%
Survival to Age 65, Female (% of cohort)
78.02%
Survival to Age 65, Male (% of cohort)
64.82%

Disease

Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV. Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).

Source: World Bank

Treatment

Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine. Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.

Source: World Bank

Timor-Leste Sports

Teams and Facts

Timor-Leste Technology

Internet

Internet Percent
0.18%

With 0.18% of Timor-Leste using the internet, Timor-Leste is 27.23% behind the global average in percent of population using the internet. This places Timor-Leste in the bottom 10th percentile. This means that there are approximately 2,100 East Timorese internet users.

Secure Internet Servers
1,307
Secure Internet Servers (per 1 million people)
19 per million people
Internet Hosts
252
Internet TLD
.tl

Technology Prevalence Over Time

Timor-Leste Energy

Key Energy Facts

Proven Natural Gas Reserves
200,000,000,000 cubic meters
Proven Oil Reserves
553,800,000 barrels

Timor-Leste Environment and Geography

Environment

Total CO2 emissions
183 kilotons
Per Capita CO2 Emissions
0.1652 metric tons

Geography

Area 14,874 square kilometers
Area
5,743 square miles
Area Rank (out of 194 countries)
151
Coastline 706 miles

Timor-Leste Military History

Military Spending

Military Expenditure (% of GDP)
4.9%
Military Spending
$550,270,000

Military Manpower

Total Fit For Military Service
494,181
Female Fit For Military Service
243,120
Male Fit For Military Service
251,061

Military Branches and Regulations

Military Branches
Timor-Leste Defense Force (Falintil-Forcas de Defesa de Timor-L'este, Falintil (F-FDTL)): Army, Navy (Armada) (2013)
Conscription Regulations
18 years of age for voluntary military service; 18-month service obligation; no conscription but, as of May 2013, introduction of conscription was under discussion (2013)

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