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Guyana

  • Population: 741,908
  • Primary Language: English
  • Currency: Guyana Dollar
  • Capital City: Georgetown
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Overview

Full Name Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Motto
One people, one nation, one destiny
National Anthem Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains
Primary Language
English
Demonym
Guyanese
Drives On
the left side of the road
Georgetown
Capital City Georgetown
Largest City Georgetown
Most Populous Cities
Georgetown
Linden
New Amsterdam
Bartica
Skeldon
Rosignol
Ituni
Vreed En Hoop
Fort Wellington
Mahaicony
Continent
South America
Compare South America Country Facts
Time Zone(s)
UTC-04
Calling Code
+592
ISO 2 Code GY
ISO 3 Code GUY
FIPS code GY
IOC code GUY
FIFA Code GUY
Drinking Age
18
Voting Age
18
Age of Consent
16
National Holidays
Travel Requirements

Guyana Government

Government Type
Presidential
Republic
Bharrat Jagdeo
Chief Executive Donald Ramotar
Type President
Sam Hinds
Second Chief Executive Sam Hinds
Type Prime Minister
BranchLast ElectionTerm Length
Executive5 years
Legislative20065 years
Legislature Size 65 members

Political Facts

Controlling Political Parties
People's Progressive Party
OECD Member
No
Member of the United Nations Yes
Security Council Member
No
Percent of National Parliament Seats Held by Women 31%

This is 14% higher than the global average, 17%.

Cabinet Members

Foreign Minister
Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett
Finance Minister
Ashni Singh, Dr.

US Embassies

Guyana Economy

GDP
GDP Growth Rate
GDP Per Capita
GDP Per Capita Growth

Guyana's gross domestic product (GDP) is $6,256,000,000. Guyana's GDP per capita is $8,100, which is 21% lower than the world average of $10,200.

GINI Coefficient
Inflation Rate
Unemployment Rate
Current Account Balance

While Guyana has a very healthy inflation rate of 3%, its unemployment rate is very high at 11%. Even though a low inflation rate encourages consumers to purchase goods and services, expendable income is likely to decline if high unemployment rates continue. Guyana will collect less money from income tax and, if poverty-aid programs are in place, pay more money in food and shelter assistance. The private sector may see an increase in taxation to replenish the government's diminishing funds, which could stifle economic growth.

Gross Domestic Product, Nominal and Real

The graphs related to Guyana's economic history plot data reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). See the economic outlook for all countries in 2018 here.

Currency Code GYD

As of March 04, 2015, 1 US dollar buys 207.02 Guyanaese Dollar.

CurrencyGuyanaese Dollar
Guyana Dollar
Monthly
Yearly
Monthly
Exchange Rate Over Time
Yearly
Exchange Rate Over Time
Imports and Exports, % Change
Foreign Aid
Trade
Business
Industry
Debt & Credit
Foreign Aid
US Foreign Aid
Trade
Merchandise Imports
$2,065,000,000
Merchandise Exports
$1,311,000,000
Average Tariff13%
Animal and Fish22.64%
Food, Beverage, Tobacco Products28%
Textiles10%
Art20%
Chemicals7.4282%
Business
Startup procedures to Register a Business
8 procedures
Cost of Business Startup Procedures (% GNI)
14%
Industry
Industrial Production Growth
6%
Debt & Credit
Foreign Exchange Reserves
$801,800,000
External Debt
$1,846,000,000
Public Debt (% of GDP)
66%
Domestic Credit to Private Sector (% of GDP)
41.00%
Domestic Credit Provided by Banking Sector (% of GDP)
50.60%

Demographics

Population
Population Density
Median Age
Population
Population Growth
Population
Population Over Time
Population Growth
Labor Force
313,100
Net Migration Rate
-12.78 per 1000 people
Birth Rate
16.31 per 1000 people
Death Rate
7.18 per 1000 people
Fertility Rate
2 child(ren) per woman

Fertility rate can be used to measure the potential for population change in a country. Guyana's fertility rate is 2 child(ren) per woman. This is approximately a "replacement rate" for a population, which results in population stability in terms of size and median age, which is currently 24.5 years old.

Average Sex Ratio
0.99 male(s) per female

Population by Age

Population by Gender

Total Females
371,166
Total Males
368,737

Population by Region

Rural Population
568,776
Rural Population Growth (annual %)
0.44%
Urban Population
226,593
Urban Population Growth (annual %)
0.88%

Crime and Poverty

Population Below Poverty Line
Suicide Rate
Homicide Rate
Homicide Rate Source
Criminal Justice, OAS/NSO, 2011
2013 Homicide Count
130 homicides
Homicide Count Source
Criminal Justice, OAS/NSO, 2011
Female Suicide Rate 13.4 per 100k People
Male Suicide Rate 39 per 100k People

Guyana Education

Key Education Facts

Literacy Rate
Literacy Rate Rank (out of 215 countries)
Education Index

Primary School Facts

Primary Education Duration
6 years
Primary School Starting Age
6 years old

Secondary School Facts

Secondary School Duration
5 years
Secondary School Starting Age
12 years old

Guyana Health

Key Health Facts

Life Expectancy Rank (out of 194 countries)
Infant Mortality Rate
Infant Mortality Rank (out of 194 countries)
Health Index 2012

According to the International Human Development Index, Guyana's health index value of 0.792 indicates medium human development.

Depth of the Food Deficit
33 kilocalories per person per day
Obesity Adult Prevalency
17.20%
Survival to Age 65, Female (% of cohort)
76.29%
Survival to Age 65, Male (% of cohort)
65.70%

Disease

Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV. Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).

Source: World Bank

Treatment

Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine. Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.

Source: World Bank

HIV/AIDs Facts

HIV/AIDS Deaths
500
HIV/AIDS Adult Rate
1.2%
People Living with HIV/AIDS
5,900

Guyana Sports

Teams and Facts

Total Olympic Medal Count
Total Bronze1
Total Medals (per Million People)1.35

Guyana Technology

Internet

Internet Percent
25.56%

With 25.56% of Guyana using the internet, Guyana has an average percent of its population on the world wide web. This means that there are approximately 189,600 Guyanese internet users.

Secure Internet Servers
5
Secure Internet Servers (per 1 million people)
5 per million people
Internet Hosts
24,936
Internet TLD
.gy

Technology Prevalence Over Time

Guyana Energy

Key Energy Facts

Sources of Generated Electricity by Year
Proven Natural Gas Reserves
0 cubic meters
Proven Oil Reserves
0 barrels

Guyana Environment and Geography

Environment

Total CO2 emissions
1,554 kilotons
Per Capita CO2 Emissions
1.9907 metric tons

Geography

Area 214,969 square kilometers
Area
83,000 square miles
Area Rank (out of 194 countries)
82
Coastline 459 miles

Guyana Military History

Military Spending

Military Expenditure (% of GDP)
1.9%
Military Spending
$118,864,000

Military Manpower

Total Fit For Military Service
280,958
Female Fit For Military Service
133,239
Male Fit For Military Service
147,719

Military Branches and Regulations

Military Branches
Guyana Defense Force: Army (includes Air Corps, Coast Guard) (2012)
Conscription Regulations
16 years of age or younger for voluntary military service; no conscription (2013)

Review

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