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Nepal

4.5
Population: 30,430,267
Primary Language: Nepali
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Capital City: Kathmandu
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Overview

Full Name Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Motto
Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven
National Anthem We are Hundreds of Flowers
Primary Language
Nepali
Demonym
Nepali
Drives On
the left side of the road
Kathmandu
Capital City Kathmandu
Largest City Kathmandu
Most Populous Cities
Kathmandu
Pokhara
Lalitpur
Biratnagar
Birganj
Dharan
Bharatpur
Janakpur
Dhangadhi
Butwal
Continent
Asia
Compare Asia Country Facts
Time Zone(s)
UTC+05:45
Calling Code
+977
ISO 2 Code NP
ISO 3 Code NPL
FIPS code NP
IOC code NEP
FIFA Code NEP
Drinking Age
18
Voting Age
18
Age of Consent
16
National Holidays
Travel Requirements

Nepal Government

Government Type
Republic
Ram Baran Yadav
Chief Executive Dr. Ram Baran Yadav
Type President
Paramananda Jha
Second Chief Executive Paramananda Jha
Type Vice President
BranchLast ElectionTerm Length
Executive5 years
Legislative20085 years
Legislature Size 601 members

Political Facts

Controlling Political Parties
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
OECD Member
No
Member of the United Nations Yes
Security Council Member
No
Percent of National Parliament Seats Held by Women 33%

This is 16% higher than the global average, 17%.

Cabinet Members

Foreign Minister
Madhav Prasad Ghimire
Defense Minister
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert
Finance Minister
Jeroen Dijsselbloem

US Embassies

Nepal Economy

GDP
GDP Growth Rate
GDP Per Capita
GDP Per Capita Growth

Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) is $41,220,000,000. Nepal's GDP per capita is $1,200, which puts Nepal in the bottom 5th percentile in the world. This means that Nepal produces among the lowest levels of income per person in the world. This is strongly correlated to very low economic productivity levels and very poor standards of living.

GINI Coefficient
Inflation Rate
Unemployment Rate
Current Account Balance

Nepal's very high inflation rate, 9.5%, and its high unemployment rate, 46%, could spell out a looming economic disaster. Fortunately, Nepal's high GDP growth rate of 4% might help to lower unemployment and ultimately allow the economy to catch up with its rising prices. In an attempt to lower inflation, Nepal's central bank might try to raise interest rates and thus discourage the creation of money.

Gross Domestic Product, Nominal and Real

The graphs related to Nepal's economic history plot data reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). See the economic outlook for all countries in 2018 here.

Currency Code NPR

As of March 04, 2015, 1 US dollar buys 99.81 Nepalese Rupee.

CurrencyNepalese Rupee
Nepalese Rupee
Monthly
Yearly
Monthly
Exchange Rate Over Time
Yearly
Exchange Rate Over Time
Foreign Aid
Trade
Business
Industry
Debt & Credit
Gross Capital
Foreign Aid
US Foreign Aid
Trade
Trade (% of GDP)
42.38%
Merchandise Imports
$5,920,000,000
Merchandise Exports
$998,900,000
Average Tariff13%
Animal and Fish10.26%
Food, Beverage, Tobacco Products18%
Textiles19.2305%
Art9.2857%
Chemicals13.8106%
Business
Startup procedures to Register a Business
7 procedures
Cost of Business Startup Procedures (% GNI)
33%
Industry
Industrial Production Growth
1%
Industry, Value Added (annual % growth)
1.69
Industry, Value Added (% of GDP)
15
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)
6%
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)
36%
Debt & Credit
Foreign Exchange Reserves
$3,631,000,000
External Debt
$3,956,000,000
Domestic Credit to Private Sector (% of GDP)
55.06%
Domestic Credit Provided by Banking Sector (% of GDP)
66.97%
Gross Capital
Gross capital formation (current US$)
$2,147,483,647
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
32.79%
Gross domestic savings (% of GDP)
9.98%
Gross Fixed Capital Formation (current US$)
$2,147,483,647
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
19.63%

Demographics

Population
Population Density
Median Age
Population
Population Growth
Population
Population Over Time
Population Growth
Labor Force
18,000,000
Net Migration Rate
2.58 per 1000 people
Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
800,000
Birth Rate
21.48 per 1000 people
Death Rate
7 per 1000 people
Fertility Rate
2 child(ren) per woman

Fertility rate can be used to measure the potential for population change in a country. Nepal's fertility rate is 2 child(ren) per woman. This is approximately a "replacement rate" for a population, which results in population stability in terms of size and median age, which is currently 22 years old.

Average Sex Ratio
0.96 male(s) per female

Population by Age

Population by Gender

Total Females
15,473,838
Total Males
14,956,429

Population by Region

Rural Population
22,711,529
Rural Population Growth (annual %)
0.75%
Urban Population
4,762,848
Urban Population Growth (annual %)
3.14%

Crime and Poverty

Population Below Poverty Line
Homicide Rate
Homicide Rate Source
Criminal Justice, NSO, 2009
2013 Homicide Count
818 homicides
Homicide Count Source
Criminal Justice, NSO, 2009

Nepal Education

Key Education Facts

Literacy Rate
Literacy Rate Rank (out of 215 countries)
Education Index

Primary School Facts

Primary Education Duration
5 years
Primary School Starting Age
5 years old

Secondary School Facts

Secondary School Duration
7 years
Secondary School Starting Age
10 years old

Nepal Health

Key Health Facts

Life Expectancy Rank (out of 194 countries)
Infant Mortality Rate
Infant Mortality Rank (out of 194 countries)
Health Index 2012

According to the International Human Development Index, Nepal's health index value of 0.774 indicates low human development.

Depth of the Food Deficit
126 kilocalories per person per day
Obesity Adult Prevalency
1.40%
Survival to Age 65, Female (% of cohort)
73.00%
Survival to Age 65, Male (% of cohort)
68.70%

Disease

Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV. Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).

Source: World Bank

Treatment

Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine. Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.

Source: World Bank

HIV/AIDs Facts

HIV/AIDS Deaths
4,700
HIV/AIDS Adult Rate
0.4%
People Living with HIV/AIDS
64,000

Nepal Sports

Teams and Facts

Nepal Technology

Internet

Internet Percent
1.93%

With 1.93% of Nepal using the internet, Nepal is 25.48% behind the global average. This means that there are approximately 577,800 Nepali internet users.

Secure Internet Servers
68
Secure Internet Servers (per 1 million people)
2 per million people
Internet Hosts
41,256
Internet TLD
.np

Technology Prevalence Over Time

Nepal Energy

Key Energy Facts

Sources of Generated Electricity by Year
Proven Natural Gas Reserves
0 cubic meters
Proven Oil Reserves
0 barrels
Coal Statistics from the U.S. Energy Information Administration

Nepal Environment and Geography

Environment

Total CO2 emissions
3,516 kilotons
Per Capita CO2 Emissions
0.1325 metric tons

Geography

Area 147,181 square kilometers
Area
56,827 square miles
Area Rank (out of 194 countries)
91

Nepal Military History

Military Spending

Military Expenditure (% of GDP)
1.3%
Military Spending
$535,860,000

Military Manpower

Total Fit For Military Service
11,208,390
Female Fit For Military Service
5,260,878
Male Fit For Military Service
5,947,512

Military Branches and Regulations

Military Branches
Nepal Army (2012)
Conscription Regulations
18 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for military training; no conscription (2012)

Reviews

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”Nepali is an amazing place, has a lot of tourist attractions and wonderful traditions. 10/10” Read more
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”Nepal is extremely beautiful. I visited Nepal in 2013 and had a wonderful time....” Read more
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